Methods of Cultivation

Methods of bringing up in non-droughty plain areas of N.E. India

Year
Month Operation

Plucking
0
October-December Plant tea Allow to grow
+1
Early February to mid April (soon after establishment) Thumb prune or decentre at 20 cm Tip at 60-65cm ground measure
 
June-July (i.e., at tipping time) Selectively remove strong central and/or criss-cross branches
 
End October Step up by a leaf, if necessary
+2
Unprune Pluck to janam
+3
Between end January and early February First frame forming prune at 35-40cm. Tip at 60-65 cm
 
End October Remove or head back thick central branches, if necessary
 
Step up by a leaf, if necessary
+4
Unprune Pluck to janam
+5
Between end January and early February Final frame forming prune at 40-45cm. Tip at 65-70cm
 
Remove/head back thick central branch(s),if necessary
Note : Higher measure is beneficial in vigorous plants planted in single hedge/widely spaced double hedge and in sloppy areas to achieve quick ground coverage.

Methods of bringing up in droughty areas of N.E. India

Year
Month Operation Plucking
0
April-June Plant tea Allow to grow
 
July-August (soon after establishment). In case of the late planted / weak teas defer to next early February -mid April Thumb prune or decentre or debud at 20cm. Selectively remove strong branches and/or criss-cross branches at the time of tipping Tip at 60-65 cm ground measure
+1
Unprune Pluck to janam
+2
Between end January and early February First frame forming prune at 35-40cm. Remove or head back thick central branches, if necessary Tip at 60-65cm
 

End October

Step up by a leaf, if required
+3
Unprune Pluck to janam
+4
Between end January and early February Final frame forming prune at 40-45cm. Tip at 65-70 cm
 
Remove or head back thick central branches, if necessary.
Note: In severe droughty areas instead of leaving the teas unprune in +1 year, first frame forming prune is suggested at 35-40 cm.

Methods of bringing up in hilly areas of N.E. India : (Low elevation)

Year
Month Operation Plucking
0
June-July Plant tea Allow to grow
+1
January -February Thumb prune or decentre or debud at 15-20 cm. Selectively remove strong central branches and/or criss-cross branches at the time of tipping Tip at 55 – 60 cm ground measure
+2
Unprune Pluck to janam
+3
January -February First frame forming prune at 30-35cm. Remove or head back thick central branches, if necessary Tip at 60 – 65 cm
 
July – August Step up by a leaf, if required  
+4
Unprune Pluck to janam
+5
January Final frame forming prune at 35-40 cm. Remove or head back thick central branches, if required. Tip at 60-65 cm

Methods of bringing up in hilly areas of N.E. India : (Medium / High elevation)

Year


Month Operation Plucking
0 June-July Plant tea Allow to grow
+1 January – April Thumb prune or decentre or debud at 15-20 cm. Selectively remove or head back thick central branches, if required Tip at 50 – 55 cm
and pluck at

janam
  Early September Step up by a leaf, if required  
+2 Unprune Pluck to janam
+3 January -February First frame forming prune at 30-35cm. Remove or head back thick central branches, if required Tip at 55 – 60 cm

ground measure

and pluck to

janam
  Early September Step up by a leaf, if required Pluck to janam
+4 Early September Unprune, step up by a leaf, if required Pluck to janam

+5 Unprune Pluck to janam

+6 January Final frame forming prune at 35-40 cm. Remove central congestion. Tip at 55 – 60 cm

and pluck to

janam

Thereafter the pruning cycle for the mature tea is to be followed.